Guntur District

Guntur District is situated in Andhra Pradesh along the east bank of Bay of Bengal. It has a coastline of around 100 kilometers. Guntur city is the biggest and legislative center for the Guntur District. The Guntur District is the notable place for learning. The primary language in this area is Telugu.

Guntur region covers a range of 11,391 and has a populace of 4,465,144. The Krishna River frames the northeastern and eastern limit of the region, isolating Guntur District from Krishna District. The area is limited on the southeast by the Bay of Bengal, on the edge of the south by Prakasam District, on the frontier of the west by Mahbubnagar District, and on the northwest by Nalgonda District.

Guntur District is the home of ancient significance like Amaravati, Bhattiprolu and Sitanagaram landmarks. Agriculture, Industry, and business are adding additional importance to the Guntur District. The place is known for the large scale of transportation. The focal point of the Guntur District is the leading Textile Industries. Also, the Guntur territory economy is based on the agriculture segment that is universally exports of its rich cash crops like chilies, cotton, and tobacco.Paddy, tobacco, Cotton, and Chilies are the primary horticultural items developed in the region.

Guntur District is partitioned into 57 mandals.Guntur District plays the key role in the development of the Capital city for the Andhra Pradesh. It is the part of the capital region development authority(CRDA). Spots of verifiable importance in the District are Amaravathi, Ponnur, Bhattiprolu, Vinukonda, Kotappakonda, Undavalli caverns, Gurazala, Macherla, Kondavid fortress, Mangalagiri and the archeological exhibition in Guntur.

Alternate NameGarthapuri(Alternate Name for Guntur)
stateAndhra Pradesh
Density Of Population429
Number of Villages729
Number of Towns11
Number of Mandals57
Number of Municipalities9
Number of Municipal Corporations1
Number of Revenue Divisions4
Inhabitted villages1755
Number of Grama Panchyaths
TimeZoneUTC/GMT +5:30, IST

Guntur District Map

Guntur Mandal Map


The first Sanskrit name (old Vedic society/custom) for Guntur was Garthapuri. The “Agasthyeswara Sivalayam” in the old city of Guntur is an antiquated sanctuary for Siva. It is said that Agastya constructed the sanctuary in the last Treta-Yuga around the Swayambhu Linga and subsequently the name. The “Nagas” were said to have governed the district. The spot of Sitanagaram and the Guthikonda Caves can be followed (through Vedic Puranas) back to the last Treta-Yuga and Dwapara-Yuga (Traditional Timescale: 1.7 to 0.5 million years prior, Ref). However, these are not experimentally evident truths like the vast majority of the Vedic old stories.

Guntur District is home to the second most seasoned confirmation of people in India, as Paleolithic (old stone age) executes. Antiquated history can be followed from the season of Sala rulers who ruled amid the fifth century BCE. The most punctual reference to Guntur, a variation of Guntur, originates from the king Ammaraja I (922-929 CE), the Vengi Chalukyan King. Guntur additionally shows up in another two engravings dated 1147 and 1158.

Since the start of Buddhist age, Guntur stood first in matters of society, training and human advancement. Gautama Buddha lectured at Dharanikota/Dhanyakatakam close Guntur and led Kalachakra service, which takes its relic to 500 BCE. Taranatha, a Buddhist minister composes: “On the full moon of the month Caitra in the year taking after his edification, at the considerable stupa of Dhanyakataka, the Buddha radiated the mandala of “The Glorious Lunar Mansions” (Kalachakra).

Guntur was progressively governed by celebrated traditions, for example, the Satavahanas, Andhra Ikshvakus, Pallavas, Ananda Gotrikas, Vishnukundina, Kota Vamsa, Chalukyas, Cholas, Kakatiyas, Vijayanagara and Qutb Shahis amid old and medieval times. The popular skirmish of Palnadu which is cherished in legend and writing as Palnati Yuddham was battled in Guntur locale in 1180.

Guntur turned out to be a piece of the Mughal domain in 1687 when the sovereign Aurangzeb vanquished the Qutb Shahi sultanate of Golconda, of which Guntur was then a section. In 1724, Asaf Jah, an emissary of the domain’s southern territories, proclaimed his freedom as the Nizam of Hyderabad. The waterfront regions of Hyderabad, known as the Northern Circars were possessed by the French in 1750. Raja Vasireddy Venkatadri Nayudu (1783-1816) moved his capital from Chintapalli in Krishna area to Amaravati over the waterway Krishna. He governed with kindheartedness and fabricated numerous sanctuaries in Guntur locale. Guntur was brought under the control of the British East India Company by 1788 and turned into an area of Madras Presidency.

The Guntur locale assumed a huge part in the battle for autonomy and the arrangement of Andhra Pradesh. The northern, Telugu-talking areas of Madras state, including Guntur, supported for a different state after autonomy and the new condition of Andhra Pradesh was made in 1953 from the eleven northern regions of Madras.

Formation of Guntur District

The formation of Guntur area was 1st October 1904 with Head Quarters at Guntur later the bifurcating Krishna and Nellore Districts. Before 1859, there was ‘Guntur District’ with Head Quarters at Guntur but with a different legislation. In 1859, the area was abrogated and was partitioned up in the middle of Masulipatnam and Rajahmundry areas which were renamed as Krishna and Godavari. In 1904,
Guntur area was constituted into a different free region with the
territories of the Taluka of Tenali, Bapatla, Guntur, Sattenapalli, Narasaraopet, Vinukonda and Palnadu of old Krishna area and Ongole taluk from Nellore area.

Tenali taluk was part on 1-7-1909 into two taluks to be specific Tenali and Repalle. This area subsequently framed in 1904 was held in place till February 1970. In February 1970, while framing another region with Ongole as its base camp parts of Bapatla and Narasaraopet taluks and the entire of Ongole taluk were taken to Prakasam District leaving Guntur region with just eight taluks in particular Guntur, Sattenapalli, Tenali, Repalle, Bapatla, Narasaraopet, Vinukonda and Palnadu.
With impact from first November 1977 once more, these eight taluks were revamped into eleven taluks by redesigning the sub-taluks of Mangalagiri, Ponnuru and Macherla as taluks splitting the old taluks of Guntur, Bapatla, and Palnadu individually.

Later, 1980, Chilakaluripet taluk was framed as 12th taluk taking parts from Narasaraopet and Guntur taluks.Amid 1981-82, Repalle taluk was separated into two taluks Pallapatla and Repalle, Tenali turned into two taluks Tenali and Emani, Guntur taluk into Guntur and Prathipadu, Sattenapalli taluk into three taluks Sattenapalli, Tyalluru, and Rajupalem. Vinukonda Taluk into Vinukonda, Ipuru, and Gurazala into Gurazala and Piduguralla subsequently bringing 19 taluks into presence before the end of 1981-82. Despite the fact that it was pulled over in 1981-82 to constitute Amrathaluru and Tadikonda additionally as taluks
to match with the 21 Panchayat Samithis yet they didn’t appear.

57 Mandals have appeared with impact from 25-5-1985 in the spot of recent taluks and Firkhas. The principle goal of the Government in keeping Mandals is to take organization closer to the individuals and to make the most sensible unit of organization.


In 2011, Guntur had a populace of 4,887,813 of which males were 2,440,521 and females were 2,447,292. In 2001, statistics, Guntur District had a populace of 4,465,144 of which males were 2,250,279 and 2,214,865 were females. Comparing to total Maharashtra population Guntur District constituted 5.78 percent population. In 2001, enumeration, the Guntur District was at 5.86 percent of Maharashtra population.There were 12,878,000  households residing in the Guntur District.

There was the change of 9.47 percent in the population contrasted with the population according to 2001. In the past enumeration of India 2001, Guntur District recorded increment of 8.72 percent to its population contrasted with 1991.

Density of Population

The Density of Population of Guntur District for 2011 is 429. The Density of Population of Guntur District for 2001 is 392. The total area of Guntur District is 11,391 square kilometers.

Child Population

In 2011, the total child population of Guntur District has 2,960,441 of which males were 1,634,726 and females were 1,325,715. In 2001, statistics, the total child population of Guntur District has 2,455,965. In 2011, Children under 0-6 framed 10.14 percent of Guntur District contrasted with 12.06 percent of 2001. There was the net change of – 1.92 percent in this contrasted with the past registration of India.

Literacy Rate

In 2011, the total literates of Guntur District have 2,960,441 of which males were 1,634,726 and females were 1,325,715. In 2001, statistics, the total literates of Guntur District have 2,455,965. In 2011, the literacy rate of Guntur District is 67.40 percent compared to 62.54 percent of 2001.

 TotalMaleFemale Rural Rural MaleRural FemaleUrbanUrban MaleUrban Female 
0-6 Years Population466,285239,408226,877314,670161,846152,824151,61577,56274,053


As per 2011 Census

Tenali, Guntur, and Tadepalli recorded as the highest literacy rate Mandals in Guntur District.

Bollapalle, Nuzendla, and Veldurthi recorded as the lowest literacy rate Mandals in Guntur District

Primary school 3062
Upper Primary 489
High schools 652
Higher Secondary Schools 7
Junior colleges 273
Polytechnic colleges21
Pharmacy colleges25
Engineering colleges49
MBA colleges49
MCA colleges 45


The Guntur District is isolated into four Revenue divisions, in particular, Guntur division, Tenali division, Narasaraopet division and Gurazala division.Gurazala division was framed in the year 2013. These are sub-partitioned into 57 Mandals.These 57 Mandals partitioned into 729 Villages, 11 towns, 9 Municipalities and 1 Municipal corporation.Guntur city is the main metropolitan city.

Parliament ConstituencyMember of Parliament(MP)Month Year
GunturShri. Galla JaydevMay 2014
BapatlaShri. Malyadri Sriram May 2014
NarasaraopetaShri. Rayapati Sambasiva RaoMay 2014
Assembly ConstituencyMember of Legislative Assembly(MLA)Month Year
PedakurapaduKommalapati SridharMay 2014
TadikondaTenali Sravana KumarMay 2014
MangalagiriAlla Ramakrishna ReddyMay 2014
PonnurDhulipalla Narendra KumarMay 2014
VemuruNakka Ananda BabuMay 2014
RepalleAnagani Satya PrasadMay 2014
TenaliAlapati Rajendra PrasadMay 2014
BapatlaKona RaghupathiMay 2014
PrathipaduRavela Kishore BabuMay 2014
Guntur WestModugula Venugopala ReddyMay 2014
Guntur EastMohammad Musthafa ShaikMay 2014
ChilakaluripetPrathipatti Pulla RaoMay 2014
NarasaraopetDR. Gopireddy Srinivasa ReddyMay 2014
SattenapalleKodela SivaPrasada RaoMay 2014
VinukondaG.V. AAnzaneyuluMay 2014
GurajalaYarapathineni Srinivasa RaoMay 2014
MacherlaPinnelli Rama Krishna ReddyMay 2014


The total agriculture land is 7355.5 Sq Km which forms 64.58% to the geographical area.The cropland is 7173.2Sq Km which forms 62.98% to the total agriculture land.The Plantation land is 182.6Sq Km which forms 1.60% to the total agriculture land.The total fallow land is 748.7 Sq Km which forms 6.57% to the geographical area.

Land Area in Sq. Km
Forest Area 1555.8
Total Agriculture Land7355.8
Non Agriculture Land 1573.03
Crop Land7173.2



The two Major watering system ventures in the region are

Old Krishna Ayacut, now renamed as Prakasam Barrage with an ayacut of 202032 hectares and the another is Nagarjuna Sagar Project with an ayacut of 254583 hectares.

Both the activities are built on the waterway Krishna. A medium Irrigation channel by name Guntur Branch Canal (GBC) having an ayacut of the 10823 hectares and the Minor Irrigation resources like tanks, channel focuses, tube wells and so on., are giving watering system.


The dirt, as a rule, is exceptionally ripe and they are comprehensively named Black cotton, Red loamy and sandy loamy. The black cotton zone is in 70%, Red loamy in 24% and sandy loamy in around 6% of the range in the locale.


The prevalent yields developed in the locale are paddy, jowar and bajra among oats, black gram, green gram and red gram among heartbeats, cotton, chilies, turmeric and tobacco among non-nourishment and business crops.


The total forest area is 1555.8 Sq Km which forms 13.66% to the total geographical area.
The deciduous forest is 806.9 Sq Km which forms 7.08% to the total forest area.
The mangrove forest is 62.0 Sq Km which forms 0.54% to the total forest area.
The forest Plantation is 17.4 Sq Km which forms 0.15% to the total forest area.
The scrub forest is 624.5 Sq Km which forms 5.48% to the total forest area.
The tree-clad area is 45.0 Sq Km which forms 0.40% to the total forest area.
The major forest produce in the district is timber while minor forest produce are bamboo and beedi leaves.


 latitude: 16.779027

longitude: 80.124906

Temperature: 36  C/F

Wind: 21 Km/h

Altitude: 33 m

Guntur Road Map

Guntur road map


Land Utilisation

The total geographical area of the Guntur district is 1132823 Hectares.
Built Up Area (3.97%)
The total built up area 451.7 Sq Km which forms 3.97% to the total geographical area.The urban area is 133.6Sq Km which forms 1.17% to the built up area.The rural area is 318.1Sq Km which forms 2.79% to the built up area.
Industrial Area(0.53%)
The total industrial area 60.4 Sq Km which forms 0.53% to the total geographical area.The Industrial area is 7.3Sq Km which forms 0.06% to the industrial area.The mining area is 53.1Sq Km which forms 0.47% to the industrial area.
Aquaculture(0.93% )
The total area for the aquaculture is 106.4 Sq Km which forms 0.93% to the total geographical area.
Agriculture Land(64.58%)
The total agriculture land is 7355.5 Sq Km which forms 64.58% to the geographical area.The cropland is 7173.2Sq Km which forms 62.98% to the total agriculture land.The Plantation land is 182.6Sq Km which forms 1.60% to the total agriculture land.The total fallow land is 748.7 Sq Km which forms 6.57% to the geographical area.
The total forest area is 1555.8 Sq Km which forms 13.66% to the total geographical area.
Waste Lands(4.78%)
The total wasteland is 544.4 Sq Km which forms 4.78% to the total geographical area.The barren rocky land is 210.2 Sq Km which forms 1.85% to the total wasteland.The gullied land is 0.1 Sq Km which forms 0.00% to the total wasteland.The salt-affected land is 17.7 Sq Km which forms 0.16% to the total wasteland.The sandy area is 7.7 Sq Km which forms 0.07% to the total wasteland.The scrub land is 308.6 Sq Km which forms 2.71% to the total wasteland.
Water Bodies(4.58%)
The total water bodies  are 522.2 Sq Km which forms 4.58% to the total geographical area.The canals/drains are 52.0 Sq Km which forms 0.46% to the total water bodies.The Reservoir/tanks are 170.1 Sq Km which forms 1.49% to the total water bodies.The rivers/streams are 300.1 Sq Km which forms 2.63% to the total water bodies.The lakes/ponds are 0.1 Sq Km which forms 0.00% to the total water bodies.
The total wetlands  are 45.2.2 Sq Km which forms 0.40% to the total geographical area.The inland wetlands are 1.5 Sq Km which forms 0.01% to the total wetlands.The coastal wetlands are 43.7 Sq Km which forms 0.38% to the total wetlands.

Guntur land


Rivers and Drainages

The Important waterways that cross the area are the Krishna, the Chandravanka, and the Naguleru. The rivers Chandravanka and the Naguleru are the tributaries of river Krishna.

Aside from the aforementioned waterways and streams, the Romperu drainage basin, the Tungabhadra channel, the Bhattiprolu channel, and the Repalle channel are the facilities accessible in the region.

Hills and Elevations

The Principal slope scopes of the area are Nallamalais, the Venkatayapalem range, and the Kondavedu slopes.

The Nallamalai off-shoots

The grandiose Nallamalais of the Kurnool region with their “U” formed terminal off-shoots skirt the Palnadu range. The slopes in this part are generally made out of slates and quartzites. A vital waterfall in this nation is “Ethipothala” arranged on a scope of slopes.

The Venkatayapalem Range

The following essential slope extent is Venkatayapalem named after a town in Sattenapalli territory and is made out of slates and quartzites. . It has long been known for the old working of precious stones. Its most astounding point is “Maidarsal” (447 m).

Kondavedu Range

The Kondavedu extent close Narasaraopet is made out of stone shake and expands about 19 Km, enlisting a most extreme tallness of 523 m. A couple of kilometers to its west is the secluded slope of Yellamanda (489 m), also called as “Kotappakonda”. The hill slope traces are expanding towards Addanki in the direction of South.


There are really numerous traveler spots in the Guntur District. Important among them are Nagarjuna Sagar, Nagarjuna Konda, Mangalagiri, Amaravathi, Ponnur, Pedakakani, Govada, Kotappakonda and Satrasala, Undavalli caves, Kondaveedu fort, the waterfalls at Ethipotala and Guttikondabilam have the ancient historical eminence.

Nagarjuna Sagar Dam

The Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is the World`s most highest Masonry gravity dam. The State Government is making changes to create Nagarjuna Sagar as a spot of vacation destination on the lines of Brindavan and Botanical greenery enclosures.


Amaravathi is arranged at 35 K.Ms. the North-west of Guntur on the banks of waterway Krishna. It has the stream of pilgrims throughout the year.There are a world popular Buddhist stupas and Buddhistic tales images and so on.,

Kotappa Konda

Kotappa Konda village of Kondakavuru. The Presiding Diety of this spot is Trikoteswara Swamy arranged on the hillock and is one of the prominent pilgrims.


Mangalagiri is a slope of happiness by ethicalness of the area of the well-known Ruler called Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy. The Lord is generally known as Panakala Narasimha Swamy or Panakala Swamy.


Ponnur is well known for the Lord Bhavanarayana Swamy, drawing in an expansive number of Pilgrims. Among alternate sanctum, Sri Anjaneya Swamy sanctum and that of Garutmanta is noted in the region.

Ethipothala waterfalls

Ethipothala waterfalls is a mountain stream falling down the slopes from a stature of 22 meters the Ethipothala waterfalls are a brilliant sight of the force and excellence of nature. This Waterfall is among the rising vacation spots in Andhra Pradesh.

Suryalanka Beach

Suryalanka Beach is found 9 km from the Bapatla in Guntur District of Andhra Pradesh. It is found 50 km south of Guntur City. Otherwise called the Bapatla Beach, it draws countless on weekends and occasions.

Guthikonda Caves

The appeal of these old caverns lies in the way that maharishis and holy people pondered in the holes. The Guthikonda Caves is famously known as the Dakshina Kasi. A fascinating piece of the Guthikonda Caves is the understood Guthikonda Bilam.

Kondaveedu Fort

Kondaveedu Fort is to be found at a separation of 25 km from Guntur. Kondaveedu stronghold was assembled by Anaphora Reddy in the 1250 A.D and later created by Ana Venkata Reddy. Them two were great leaders of the Reddy tradition known as the kind supporters of the workmanship and society.

Undavalli Caves

These holes have been cut out of strong sandstone on a slope in the 500 A.D. There are a few holes. It is the principle hole has a place with the most punctual illustrations of Gupta structural engineering, fundamentally primitive rock-cut religious community cells cut into the sandstone slopes.

Uppalapadu Bird Sanctuary

Uppalapadu is a position of flying birds relocation and a town close Guntur City. It is likewise a presumed winged animal asylum. Home to around 40 types of birds from Siberia including pelicans and white ibis, this asylum is comparable to Pulicat Sanctuary in Nellore District.

Major Exportable Item

Mango and other fruit products, chilies, burnt lime, tobacco leaf, and products.

Availability of Minerals

The region contains tremendous stores of concrete evaluation limestone, iron metals, copper and lead minerals. The stores of monetary mineral are as per the following


Narjee limestone is widely present in the Palnadu district which is utilized for the production of concrete.


Broad mining was done in the past in the region of Kollur town in Sattenapalli territory on the banks of Krishna stream. It is trusted that the celebrated stone “Kohinoor” a precious stone was discovered at Kollur. The precious stone mines in the region are arranged near to Madugula, Mallavaram and Sarangapalli hills.

Diatomaceous Earth

It happened at Thimmayapalem and Innavolu near to the region Vinukonda.

Copper and Lead Ores

The copper and lead exist in the region of Agnigundala and Karempudi. The Ores of copper and lead are broadly found in these zones and extraction is being completed.

Poor quality of iron-mineral magnetite quartzites is occurring near the Thumurukota near to the Macherla.


Gypsum takes place at sparsely dispersed plates at an extent of one to three meters in the marine residues near to the Santaravuru.


These are a few reefs of quartz at Palnadu, Sattenapalli, Narasaraopet and Vinukonda which may discover for the utilization in glass make.

Kankar or calcareous knobs, utilized for production of lime, occurred in the region near to the Chebrolu, Mangalagiri, Pedakakani, Venkatayapalem, and the Nadendla regions.

White Clays
White Clays are occurring near to the region Macherla.

Gondwana rock stones are helpful in building development. Palnadu limestone was used for the development of stupas amid the Buddhist period.

Famous  People

Duggirala Gopalakrishnayya – Andhra Ratna

Konda Venkatappayya – Desabhakta

Parvathaneni Veerayya Chowdary – Andhra Sivaji

Unnava Lakshmibhai – Gruhalakshmi Swarna Kanakanam

Vavilala Gopala Krishnaiah –  patriot freedom fighter


The total industrial area 60.4 Sq Km which forms 0.53% to the total geographical area.The Industrial area is 7.3Sq Km which forms 0.06% to the industrial area.The mining area is 53.1Sq Km which forms 0.47% to the industrial area.

General Engineering Cluster, Narsaraopet

Burnt lime cluster, Piduguralla

Turmeric Processing cluster, Duggirala

Powerloom Cluster, Guntur


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